25 Jahre Bonner Konvention - CMS - Übereinkommen zur Erhaltung der wandernden wildlebenden Tierarten
Round Table

Durchgeführt von

Global Register of Migratory Species
Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig

Unterstützt von

Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt
World of TUI
Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Umwelt und Reaktorsicherheit

Kooperation mit

Vista Verde
Convention on Migratory Species
Europarc Deutschland
Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen e.V.

Migratory Species: Linking Ecosystems and Disciplines

Workshop on the behalf of the 25th anniversary of the
Bonn Convention

Berlin: World of TUI Corporate Representation TUI AG
Unter den Linden 17, 10117 Berlin / GERMANY
Date: 22.06.-23.06.2004

The workshop celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Bonn Convention, reporting of what has been achievend on how ecosystems are linked through migratory species, on reasons why it is necessary to unite forces between NGOs, governmental organisations and the united nations an on how new information technologies help conservationing.

Final Report (pdf) (224 pages, 42 MB)

You'll find all talks of the Workshop as PPS or as PDF.
Please take notice that some talks are really large documents!

Dr. Wolf Michael Iwand

Opening adress

Dr. Wolf Michael Iwand

"Let me conclude by saying that I expect that Tourism can act as an important international multiplicator of the CMS for billions of tourists, destinations worldwide and local communities as well stimulating the involvement of local businesses and developers. The tourism industry can help to raise the rofile of the CMS globally and to support awareness campaigns and capacity building throughout the spectrum along the migration routes – specifically in developing countries. I wish the Bonn Convention a bright future, many happy returns of this jubilee and sustaining results to come from this workshop."


Dr. Eberhard Henne

Europarc Deutschland

Dr. Eberhard Henne

In Germany there are 13 national parks, 14 biospere reserves and over 80 regional parks. Nature protection is the responsibility of the federal sstates. Nature, however, is without borders. There is therefore a need for coordination between the states. This role has been taken on by the umbrella organization EUROPARC Germany (earlier known as FÖNAD), founded in 1991. EUROPARC Germany provides a forum where the professionals in the large German protected areas can work together to formulate common positions and carry out joint projects.


Dr. Pierre Devillers

The Conservation impact of CMS in tis first 25 years:
an overview

Dr. Pierre Devillers

To maximise conservation impact there is close cooperation between the COP (Conference of the Parties, every three years) and the scientific council coordinated through the secretariat. The conservation emphasises the trans-borderd phenomena and the multi-lateral aspects. It plays a unique role in dealing with the long distance movements of marine organisms much affected by risk factors operating in international waters. Special agreements listed on appendix II are a unique feature of the convention, providing a finished instrument especially taild to the needs of the respective animal group (EUROBATS, AEWA, ASCOBANS, ACCOBAMS, Wadden Sea Seals).


Linking Ecosystems through Migratory Species

Dr. Roseline Beudels-Jamar

Protecting Sahelian Antelopes

Dr. Roseline Beudels-Jamar

Summary will come soon.

Dr. Olga Pereladova

Bukhara deer as a flag species for Aral sea basin ecosystems conservation

Dr. Olga Pereladova:

Characteristics of ecosystems of Central Asia are given, which ensure conservation of unique biodiversity. The main ecosystem of the river valleys - riparian forest, while the watershed as a whole is largely occupied by a variety of desert types (e.g. sand, clay). Therefore riparian forests represent a unique land, which is particularly suitable for agriculture, resulting in the destruction of natural ecosystems. As the river valley is the most climatically comfortable area in the region, the majority of the population (up to 90%) from each of the basin countries is concentrated within its limits. Existing system of irrigation not only takes water for the fields, but prevents it from flooding floodplain forests, which causes their degradation. It is not taken in consideration, that riparian forests are very important from the point of view of water saving and soil erosion prevention. Riparian forests of major Central Asian rivers are crucial for biodiversity conservation of the whole region.


Dr. John Cooper

Conserving migratory marine birds with the Bonn Convention and its daughter agreements: sucesses to date and ways forward

Dr. John Cooper:

The seabirds and marine shorebirds that are listed in CMS appendieces as well as those covered by its "daugther" agreements, AEWA (African-Eurasian Waterbirds Agreement) and ACAP (Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels) were coverd. After looking at waht conservation measures have been proposed so far, and what actions are now required, it is necessariliy to investigate the sea and marine shorebirds that are not coverd by the CMS and its agreements from both a taxonomic and a geographicaö perspectives and endeavour to identify those species that would benefit from inclusion in CMS appendieces and by either having agreements or memoranda of understandig developed from them.

http://web.uct.ac.za/depts/stats/adu/staff/s_jc.htm/ http://www.ladbrokes.com/bigbirdrace/scienceProject.html

Uniting Forces for Nature: Complementing the
United Nations Instruments

Dr. Nele Matz

Chaos or Coherence? - Implementing and enforcing the conservation of migratory species by different legal instruments

Dr. Nele Matz:

Due to their routes of migration through different states, i.e. the so-called "range states", or through different jurisdictional zones in the sea, migratory species are in a particular need of protection by international co-operation. A number of different multilateral agreements are applicable to the conservation of migratory species. The only multilateral agreement that explicitly refers to the management and conservation of migratory species is the Bonn Convention. Other conventions that explicitly refer to migrants are the Agreement relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (Fish Stocks Agreement) and regional conventions on a single migratory species e.g. the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Convention. Other agreements with a global scope that are applicable to migratory species without explicitly focusing on their conservation are the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ramsar Convention and CITES. Additionally, in Europe the Bern Convention in some articles explicitly mentions migratory species and the Habitat and Birds Directives of the European Union also provide for some protection in a regional context. If the scopes of the different agreements applicable to migratory species are compared it becomes apparent that many species are listed in more than two of the annexes on particularly endangered species. As a consequence, close co-operation between the different agreements is necessary to avoid a doubling of efforts and a waste of resources. The need for closer co-operation is already reflected by a variety of memoranda of understanding between the different secretariats but also with other international organisations and non-governmental organisations. To improve collaboration in the future joint work programmes are recommended, since, in contrast to many memoranda of understanding that only state the general will to collaborate, such programmes can achieve a mutual reinforcement of efforts that enhances the effectiveness of conservation of migratory species. Another element that is crucial for an effective conservation approach is the enforcement of conventions applicable to the conservation of migratory species. Such mechanisms have to be a focus of regulatory frameworks. Of the different mechanism that are known in international environmental law, financial mechanism are often considered a particularly viable means for compliance assistance. However, many of the agreements mentioned in the context of migratory species have no or only very limited financial means to provide for assistance.


Zamir Dedej

Albania nature conservation, an experience from a developing country

Zamir Dedej:

Summary will come soon.

Chris Butler-Stroud

Protecting Nature through Private-Public Partnership-the case for the conservation of common dolphins

Chris Butler:

Summary will come soon.

Improving Knowledge for Conservation:
the Contribution of New Technologies

Dr. Rainer Froese

Why Fish? An Example of Sucessful Usage of the Internet

Dr. Rainer Froese:

FishBase (www.fishbase.org) is a large online information system with key data on currently 28,500 species of fish. Usage of FishBase on the Internet continuous to grow and stood at over 12 million hits from over 600,000 monthly visitors in May 2004 making fish more popular than birds or butterflies. Most users enter the system through common names and look at species summary information and at photos. But there is also substantial usage of the ‘specialist’ pages which contain information on e.g. population dynamics, taxonomy, trophic ecology, reproduction or genetics. More than 1,500 fish species are migratory in the sense of undertaking regular migrations of more than 100 km; many more species regularly cross international boundaries. Most migratory fishes are used commercially and several are threatened by extinction. Migratory fishes tend to be larger than non-migratory fishes. FishBase coordinator Rainer Froese (rfroese@ifm-geomar.de) calls on the CMS community to assist in keeping FishBase up to date by sending copies of relevant publications and data sets. He stresses that for many data regularly collected by CMS researchers FishBase can act as a permanent archive.


Stefan Kreft

The Fourth Dimension: Overview of Altitudinal Migration

Stefan Kreft:

Altitudinal migration is shown to be a widespread and ecologically important, but little studied migratory behaviour. It principally includes the shift of a montane population downslope after reproduction and upward before the next breeding season. Many movements may be linked to food resource dynamics, but other factors seem understudied. Between taxa, there is a lot of variation with respect to altitudinal intervals and distances crossed and differential involvement of males, females and young individuals. Four studies of tropical bird communities identified 21-51 % of (mostly forest-based) altitudinal movers, with many unknown cases suspected. The ranges of altitudinal migratory populations are typically small, linear and disjunct. These characteristics make them vulnerable to direct or indirect negative impacts, e.g., climate change. Therefore, altitudinal forest corridors must be established.


Dr. Sebastian K. Herzog

High wintering site fidelity of a boreal-netropical migrant an opportunity for expanding the latitudinal frontier of stable isotope analysis in New World

Dr. Sebastian K. Herzog:

Summary will come soon.

Birgit Gerkmann

Satellite and remote-sensing data for the identification

Birgit Gerkmann:

During a one-year stay in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, she worked on her diploma thesis about problems of biodiversity conservation in Bolivia caused by the expanding oil industry. Adjacently she worked with Geograhical Systems within the project "Global Register of Migratory Species" (www.groms.de). In 2003 she started her PhD thesis at the Alexander Koenig Research Insitute in Bonn about application of satellite telemetry and remote sensing technology for the conservation of migratory birds.


Dr. Jonathan D.R. Houghton

Lessons from recent telemetric studies: oceanic movements of leatherback turtles and interaction with open-water fisheries

Dr. Jonathan D.R. Houghton:

The overall extent of habitat use by leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in the North Atlantic, and hence their possible interactions with longline fisheries, is unknown. Long-term satellite telemetry data were used to reveal that leatherbacks range throughout the North Atlantic, indicating that closing limited areas to longline fisheries will probably have only partial success in reducing turtle by-catch. Although turtles dive very deeply on occasion (one descended to a maximum depth of 1,230 metres, which represents the deepest dive ever recorded for a reptile), they generally restrict their diving to less than 250 metres, which increases the chance that they will encounter longline hooks. In the short term, by-catch rates might be reduced through the basin-wide adoption of alternative hook and bait types used in long line fisheries, although rates of mortality may still remain too high to prevent eventual population decline.

http://www.turtle.ie http://www.swan.ac.uk/bs/turtle

Dr. Klaus Riede

The Global Registry of Migratory Species - GROMS

Dr. Klaus Riede:

Migratory species are an important dynamic component of biodiversity. The conservation and protection of these species requires international cooperation. However, the level of knowledge we have is not sufficient and information is immensely scattered. Today we can only estimate the number of migratory species within a vast range of 5000 and 10000. GROMS consolidates and summarises all available information and the current states of knowledge into a relatinal database. It supports a Geographic Information System (GIS) interface and permits various search options for novice users and for experts. The GROMS database is structured to provide an additional tool for fact finding and decision-making by the CMS bodies and related regional Agreements as well as the Convention on Biological Diversity. To this effect, the database is designed to supply information on migratory species, their distribution map, population and bibliography. The current multilingual database contains 4,344 migratory species, with their threat and protection status (International Red List), protection status (after CMS and CITES) as well as migration types and more than 5,500 literature citations. Query tools allow to combine different search criteria and, for example, generate listing of species protected by both CITES and CMS, or not protected at all. The database is available at http://www.groms.de, but also on CD-ROM (part of the GROMS book). While bird migration is relatively well investigated, mammal, fish and insect migrations are known only for few economically important species. So far distribution maps in GIS format have been produced for 1,174 species at a global scale. Hence, intersection with environmental data as well as arbitrary scale adjustment and protection is possible. In co-operation with the Geographic Institute of the University of Bonn, the GIS data are also provided as interactive maps in the World Wide Web. This includes a software for animated visualisation of satellite tracks.
An extensive threat analysis published as a book (Riede 2001) shows that a higher number of migratory sea birds aand fishes that are endangered, but not yet sufficiently protected by the Bonn Convention.


Prof. Dr. Bernd Meyburg

20.000 km from Mark Brandenburg to South Africa: Migrations of Raptors as revealed by satellite telemetriy

Prof. Dr. Bernd-Ulrich Meyburg:

Summary will come.

Prof. Dr. Boris Culik

Albatrosses, penguins, wahles and turtles: wanderer of the oceans

Prof. Dr. Boris Culik:

Summary will come soon.
http://www.meeresforschungonline.de/meteor.htm http://www.fh3.de/kontakt/kontakt.htm

Jens Enemark

The Seals Agreement

Jens Enemark:

The trilateral Agreement was concluded between Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands on 16 October 1990 in Bonn, Germany, and entered into force one year later. The aim of the Agreement is to promote close cooperation amongst the Parties in order to achiev and maintain a favourable conservation status for the Common seal population, which is an irreplaceable component of the Wadden Sea and an important indicator of its environmental health.


Links und Dokumente:

CMS - Convention on Migratory Species - Website der Bonner Konvention
25 Years of Journeys - Jubiläumsbulletin zur Bonner Konvention
(engl.; 3,2 MB; pdf)
Originaltext der Konvention (pdf)
Broschüre über die Bonner Konvention (pdf)
Informationen des Bundesumwelt- ministeriums zur Bonner Konvention
Broschüre des Umweltministeriums zur Bonner Konvention
GROMS - Global Register of Migratory Species
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